Different Types Of Birth Control

Different Types Of Birth Control

Birth control pills are effective way to prevent an occurrence of unwanted pregnancy. Today, there are countless and different types of birth control methods. It is not difficult to achieve contraception now. Contraception is the process which is defined as an avoidance of pregnancy by different methods other than avoiding coitus or hysterectomy. The choice of choosing a method depends on the client as well as the condition of her body. Sometimes, some methods may not go well with the body while others suit the body.

Different Types Of Birth Control Methods

Birth control pills methods are broadly divided into two major groups i.e.

A. Temporary Methods: Temporary methods means they provide contraception for a time being that is reversible. If a female wants to get pregnant again, she can easily by simply stopping practicing the method. These temporary methods are done by either of the following methods such as

  1. Hormonal
  2. Intra uterine Contraceptive Device
  3. Barrier Method
  4. Natural Methods

B. Permanent Methods: These are usually irreversible. These are carried out by the following procedures

  1. Female sterilization (tubal ligation)
  2. Male sterilization (vasectomy)

Now we will see how one can achieve contraception by these different types of birth control methods.

Different Types Of Birth ControlHormonal Methods

It is one of the most commonly used temporary methods for contraception globally. These pills are basically made up of estrogen and progesterone. They may contain both hormones and a single hormone. The estrogen stops the ovulation process to occur and also produces certain alterations in the uterine tissue so that it becomes unreceptive to an egg.
Hormonal pills are usually taken orally or can be given in the form of depot or implant via an injection. These hormonal contraceptives are combined oral contraceptive pills such as Yaz birth control and Yasmin birth control, progestogen only pills and morning after pills.

In case of combined oral contraceptive pills, it is started on day 1 of the periods or menstruation in normal menstruating woman. In case of spontaneous or therapeutic abortion, it can be started immediately while after delivery or in non lactating mothers combined oral contraceptive pills are better started on day 21 after delivery. If a patient misses a pill, she should take it as soon as she remembers or within 24 hours but she must take extra precautions e.g. condoms for next 7 days.

The adverse effect of these pills includes vomiting, nausea, irregular menstruation, weight gain, breast tenderness, vaginal bleeding and mood changes. Some major adverse effects include increased risk for deep venous thrombosis, cerebral hemorrhage and hypertension. A slight increased risk of cancer of cervix is reported in the users of these pills.

Other contraceptive pills are

a) Mifepristone RU 486
b) Propranolol

Norplant: It is a slow releasing subdermallly injected implant of a silastic tube containing Levonorgestrel. It is a long-acting hormonal technique is placed just beneath the skin of an upper arm of the woman. It is inserted by a doctor under local anesthesia.  The synthetic progestin, levonorgestrel, is constantly released at a low dose for up to 5 years.  Within a day of insertion, it offers protection from pregnancy. Norplant stops pregnancy by…

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